Groundwater is sometimes called “the hidden asset” – awareness of its existence and its importance is not well known and as a consequence the measures which are required to protect and manage it in an environmental sustainable way are either not taken or are taken too late. Where pollution has occurred and measures are taken too late it may take decades, or longer, until the necessary restoration of quality is achieved. This comprehensive text presents in the following sections: Groundwater monitoring in the regulatory and international context Conceptual modelling and network design Groundwater pollutants and other pressures Groundwater quality standards and trend assessment Case studies for groundwater assessment and monitoring in the light of EU legislation Groundwater measurements Associating external stakeholders The editors have collected state-of-the-art information on groundwater quality assessment monitoring from the international community, providing further stimulation to the work of all parties involved in the challenges this area creates to ensure sound quality assessment of groundwater.
Foreword. Series Preface. Preface. The Series Editor - Philippe Quevauviller. List of Contributors. PART 1 GROUNDWATER MONITORING IN THE REGULATORY AND INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT. 1.1 General Introduction: Objectives of Groundwater Assessment and Monitoring (Johannes Grath, Rob Ward, Andreas Scheidleder and Philippe Quevauviller). 1.2 Groundwater Monitoring in International Conventions and Agreements (Raya Stephan). 1.3 Groundwater Monitoring Approaches at International Level (John Chilton). PART 2 CONCEPTUAL MODELLING AND NETWORK DESIGN. 2.1 Conceptual Modelling and Identification of Receptors as a Basis for Groundwater quality assessment (Cath Tomlin and Rob Ward). 2.2 Aquifer Typology, (Bio)geochemical Processes and Pollutants Behaviour (Helene Pauwels, Wolfram Kloppmann, Kristine Walraevens and Frank Wendland). 2.3 Visualising Groundwater - Aiding Understanding Using 3-D Images (Donal Daly, S. Fletcher, N. Hunter Williams, S. Neale and H. Simcox). PART 3 GROUNDWATER POLLUTANTS AND OTHER PRESSURES. 3.1 Occurrence and Behaviour of Main Inorganic Pollutants in European Groundwater (Pieter-Jan Van Helvoort, Jasper Griffioen and Mike Edmunds). 3.2 Contaminant Behaviour of Micro-Organics in Groundwater (Jan Gerritse, Bas Van der Grift and Alette Langenhoff). 3.3 Background Levels under the Water Framework Directive (Ariane Blum, Helene Pauwels, Frank Wenland and Jasper Griffioen). 3.4 Quantitative Stresses and Monitoring Obligations (Emilio Custodio, Andres Sahuquillo and M. Ramon Llamas). PART 4 GROUNDWATER QUALITY STANDARDS AND TREND ASSESSMENT. 4.1 Threshold Values and the Role of Monitoring in Assessing Chemical Status Compliance (Ariane Blum, Helene Legrand, Johannes Grath, Andreas Scheidleder, Hans-Peter Broers, Cath Tomlin and Rob Ward). 4.2 Assessing and Aggregating Trends in Groundwater Quality (Hans Peter Broers, Ate Visser, John P. Chilton and Marianne E. Stuart). PART 5 CASE STUDIES FOR GROUNDWATER ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING IN THE LIGHT OF EU LEGISLATION. 5.1 Groundwater Monitoring in Denmark and the Odense Pilot River Basin in Relation to EU Legislation (Klaus Hinsby and Lisbeth Flindt Jorgensen). 5.2 Upper Rhine (Ralf Kunkel, G. Berthold, Ariane Blum, H.-G. Fritsche and Frank Wenland). 5.3 The Colli Albani Volcanic Aquifers in Central Italy (Alfredo Di Domenicantonio, Manuela Ruisi and Paolo Traversa). 5.4 Monitoring the Environmental Supporting Conditions of Groundwater Dependent Terrestrial Ecosystems in Ireland (Garrett Kilroy, Catherine Coxon, Donal Daly, Aine O'Connor, Fiona Dunne, Paul Johnston, Jim Ryan, Henning Moe and Matthew Craig). 5.5 Use of WETMECS Typology to Aid Understanding of Groundwater-Dependent Terrestrial Ecosystems in England and Wales (Mark Whiteman, Bryan Wheeler, Sue Shaw, Tim Lewis, Mark Grout and Kathryn Tanner). 5.6 Groundwater Quality and Quantity Assessment Through a Dedicated Monitoring Network. The Donana Aquifer Experience (SW Spain) (Marisol Manzano, Emilio Custodio, Carlos Montes and Carlos Mediavilla). 5.7 Llobregat Delta Aquifer (Josep M a Ninerola, Enric Queralt and Emilio Custodio). 5.8 Determination of Natural Background Levels and Thresholds Values in the Neogene Aquifer (Flanders) (Marleen Coetsiers and Kristine Walraevens). PART 6 GROUNDWATER MEASUREMENTS. 6.1 Metrological Principles Applied to Groundwater Assessment and Monitoring (Philippe Quevauviller, Ariane Blum and Stephane Roy). 6.2 Use of Isotopes for Groundwater Characterisation and Monitoring (Philippe Negrel, Emmanuelle Petelet-Giraud and Agnes Brenot). PART 7 ASSOCIATING EXTERNAL STAKEHOLDERS. 7.1 Groundwater Teaching at University Level in Spain (Emilio Custodio, Antoni Gurgui and Eduard Batista). 7.2 Factoring in expertise: International Scientific Networks - Roles and Benefits (Philippe Quevauviller, Alice Aureli, Stephen Foster, Patrice Christmann and Neno Kukuric). 7.3 Communication of Groundwater Realities Based on Assessment and Monitoring Data (Juan Grima, Enrique Chacon, Bruno Ballesteros, Ramiro Rodriguez and Juan Angel Mejia). Index.