Understanding the dynamics of railway vehicles, and indeed of the entire vehicle–track system, is critical to ensuring safe and economical operation of modern railways. As the challenges of higher speed and higher loads with very high levels of safety require ever more innovative engineering solutions, better understanding of the technical issues and use of new computer based tools is required. Encompassing the field from historical development to state-of-the-art modeling and simulation methods, Simon Iwnicki’s Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics sets a new standard of authority and practicality in the study of railway vehicle dynamics. Drawing on the experiences and research of leading international experts, this critical reference surveys the main areas of railway vehicle dynamics. Through mathematical analysis and practical examples, it builds a deep and functional understanding of the wheel–rail interface, suspension and suspension component design, simulation and testing of electrical and mechanical systems, interaction with surrounding infrastructure, and noise and vibration. In-depth discussions deconstruct the components of both vehicle and track systems, explain their contribution to dynamic behavior, and evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of various practical solutions. The book also considers the unique issues of railway tribology, gauging, and derailment. Coverage of computer models, test procedures, roller rigs, and scale testing completes this essential handbook. Whether for the newcomer or the seasoned professional, the Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics is an indispensable tool for modern railway vehicle design.
Introduction; Simon Iwnicki Aims Introduction to the Aims of Handook Structure of the Handbook A History of Railway Vehicle Dynamics; Alan Wickens Introduction Coning and the Kinematic Oscillation Concepts of Curving Hunting and the Empirical Development of the Bogie Interaction between Vehicle and Track Innovations for Improved Steering Carter Wheel-Rail Geometry Matsudaira The ORE Competition Creep The Complete Solution of the Hunting Problem Modern Research on Curving Dynamic Response to Track Geometry Suspension Design Concepts and Optimisation Derailment The Development of Computer Simulation Active Suspensions The Expanding Domain of Rail Vehicle Dynamics References The Anatomy of Railway Vehicle Running Gear; Anna Orlova and Yuri Boronenko Main Functions of the Running Gear and Terminology Bogie Components Common Passenger Vehicle Bogie Designs Common Freight Wagon Bogie Designs Common Tram Bogie Designs Principles of Selecting Suspension Parameters Advanced Bogie Designs References Wheel-Rail Contact; Jean Bernard Ayasse and Hugues Chollet Introduction The Normal Contact The Tangent Problem Contact Forces in the Railway Context Appendix 4.1: Kinematic Movement: The Klingel Formula Appendix 4.2: Kinematic Hunting and Equivalent Conicity Appendix 4.3: The Circle Theory Appendix 4.4: Analysis of Y/Q and Nadal's Criteria Nomenclature References Tribology of the Wheel-Rail Contact; Ulf Olofsson and Roger Lewis Introduction Contact Conditions at the Wheel-Rail Contact Wear and Other Surface Damage Mechanisms Friction Lubrication and Surface Coatings Acknowledgments References Track Issues; Tore Dahlberg The Railway Track as a Dynamic System Function of the Track Dynamic Properties of the Track Dynamic Properties of Track Components Summary Acknowledgements References Gauging Issues; David M. Johnson Philosophy and History of Gauging Components of Gauging Interaction between Gauging Components References Railway Vehicle Derailment and Prevention; Huimin Wu and Nicholas Wilson Introduction History and Statistics Railway Vehicle Derailment Mechanisms and Safety Criteria Prediction of Derailment Prevention of Derailment References Longitudinal Train Dynamics; Colin Cole Introduction Modelling Longitudinal Train Dynamics Interaction of Longitudinal Train and Lateral/Vertical Wagon Dynamics Longitudinal Train Crashworthiness Longitudinal Comfort Train Management and Driving Practices Conclusions Acknowledgments Nomenclature References Noise and Vibration from Railway Vehicles; David Thompson and Chris Jones Introduction Rolling Noise Reducing Rolling Noise Impact Noise Curve Squeal Other Sources of Noise Vehicle Interior Noise Ground-Borne Vibration and Noise Vibration Comfort on Trains References Active Suspensions; R.M. Goodall and T.X. Mei Introduction Basics of Active Suspensions Tilting Trains Active Secondary Suspensions Active Primary Suspensions Technology The Long Term Trends Nomenclature References Simulation; Oldrich Polach, Mats Berg, and Simon Iwnicki Introduction Modelling Vehicle-Track Interaction Simulation Methods Computer Simulation Dynamics in Railway Vehicle Engineering Conclusions Acknowledgments Nomenclature References Field Testing and Instrumentation of Railway Vehicles; Julian Stow and Evert Andersson Introduction Common Transducers Test Equipment Configuration and Environment Data Acquisition Measurement of Wheel and Rail Profiles Track Geometry Recording Examples of Vehicle Laboratory and Field Tests References Roller Rigs; Weihua Zhang, Huanyun Dai, Zhiyun Shen, and Jing Zeng Introduction The History of Roller Rigs The Test Technique and Classification of Roller Rigs Examples of Roller Rigs Operation and Results Conclusions References Scale Testing; P.D. Allen Introduction A Brief History of Scaled Roller Rigs Survey of Current Scaled Roller Rigs Roller Rigs: The Scaling Problem Scaling Errors Conclusions Acknowledgements References Index
Railroad cars - Dynamics, Engineering: general, Power generation & distribution, Civil engineering, surveying & building